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Johannesburg City - Johannesburg Suburb

Johannesburg Conferences > Johannesburg > Johannesburg City

Conference Venues in Johannesburg City, Johannesburg
Orion Hotel Devonshire Conference Venue
SAB World of Beer Conference Venue
The Forum | Turbine Hall Conference Venue
The Pyramid Conference Venue

Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng and the largest city in South Africa, by population. The city is one of the 50 largest metropolitan areas in the world, and is also the world's largest city not situated on a river, lake, or coastline.

While Johannesburg is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court. The city is the source of a large-scale gold and diamond trade, due to its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills. Johannesburg is served by O.R. Tambo International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Africa and a gateway for international air travel to and from the rest of Southern Africa.

Attraction in Johannesburg City include the Johannesburg Art Gallery which has the largest collection of artwork in South Africa with a variety of art from the 17th century to even works done by Picasso. ABSA Money Museum has the largest collection of old South African money and also has a collection of treasure from sunken ships which is very popular amongst the local and international visitors. Another place of interest while in Johannesburg, is the SAB World of Beer where there are guided tours for visitors and you can learn about beer making through the years.

The Central Business District of Johannesburg has one of the most dense collection of skyscrapers in Africa, however many of the buildings are unoccupied as tenants have left for more secure locations in the Northern Suburbs, in particular Sandton and Rosebank. There are significant movements to revive the area for gentrification.

There have been significant movements to redevelop the city centre. The Johannesburg city government installed CCTV cameras all over the Central Business District, which decreased crime dramatically. Several historical buildings have also been developed and turned into condominiums, which developers hope will draw new residents to the area.

History of Johannesburg City
The area that is currently the Central Business District has been the central area of Johannesburg nearly since its inception. Its central location in the city as well as careful planning led to it to be chosen as the best location for residential and commercial development, especially during the economically prosperous 1960s and 1970s. Many large commercial products were completed in this period, such as the Carlton Centre, which is still the tallest building in Africa.

Under apartheid, the Johannesburg Central Business District was classified as a whites-only area, meaning that black people were allowed to work and shop there but could not live there. Application of the Group Areas Act became very lax in the 1980s, among other things because courts were not able to handle all the cases, and when the Act was abolished even more disadvantaged black people moved into the City Centre, often taking over whole buildings by overfilling them with people that the previous middle class white tenants found unacceptable neighbours.

This is not only true of previously established residential areas such as Hillbrow on the periphery of the Johannesburg Central Business District but also of former office blocks in the heart of the city, that were converted to residential accommodation as businesses fled the city centre in the late-1980s and 1990s. A crime wave swept through the city and businesses left the Johannesburg Central Business District. Many businesses and people fled the Central Business District and surrounding areas such as Braamfontein, Hillbrow, and Yeoville for more secured houses or offices in the Northern Suburbs. By the late 1990s, the Central Business District was a no-go zone and a virtual ghost town. The situation has improved since. The provincial government of Gauteng is based in the Johannesburg Central Business District as are several large banks.

Map of Johannesburg City




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